Published On: Wed, Dec 10th, 2014

Enjoy the Natural Beauty of Bonsai



Bonsai are Japanese potted miniature of trees that are carefully styled in order to achieve certain aesthetic effect. This concept was initially imported to Japan from China over a thousand years ago. This art form distinctive style has been further developed in Japan since then.


A variety of techniques like the roots trimming and also the wiring are used to make the trees stay small yet in the right proportion to how they would have looked should they grown in nature. It achieves the condensing appearance effect of a natural tree within the pot, which leaves room for an artistic imagination.


A Hobbit's House

A Hobbit’s House


Typical Trees

Usual trees that are used in bonsai including trees with needled leaves like matsu (pine trees), with more broad leaves like momiji (maple trees), with flowers like sakura (cherry trees), and also trees with fruits like karin (quince trees). Some bonsai’s art pieces use grass as the subject as well. Some trees feature white colored purposely, which is the dead parts with no bark that represent the struggle of trees in nature. The partially dead trunk is known as shari, as the partially dead branch is called jin.



Bonsai trees come in numerous styles. Here are a few of the most common forms:

  • Informal and Formal Straight

Most formal straight bonsai has straight trunk, and the trees pinnacle is commonly in line with its body as well as its base. As for the informal straight bonsai, they usually has slightly slants trunk, yet the tree top might still ends up straight above the middle of the tree base.

  • Slant

Just like the name suggests, the whole tree is slanted toward one side.

  • Cascade

Instead of in an upright manner, the tree is growing downward toward one side to certain degree where the trees pinnacle ends up at lower than or similar height of the pot, just like a tree that are growing in a cliff edge.



  • Multi-Trunk and Forest

For a forest style bonsai, several trees are grown within the same pot, carefully grown to make it look like mini a forest. The multi-trunk bonsai is actually quite similar with the forest style, yet the multiple trunks have the same root, so, what looks like many trees are in fact a single tree.

  • Rock

It is where the tree grows on top of a rock with the roots anchored through the soil below the rock or the rock’s cracks.


Other Elements

The stones and pots that are used are fairly essential elements in this art form. As opposed to their Chinese counterparts, the Japanese style tends to use less flashy colored pots. The containers used commonly have dark or earthen colors. Rocks or stones aren’t picked because of their value or rarity, yet are chosen in accordance to how they could blend in with the art piece and contribute for the aesthetics of the piece.


Mame Style

Mame Style


How to Appreciate Bonsai

The most recommended way to appreciate this particular art form is by looking at it to get an overall impression, and then lower the line of your sight to match the level of the art piece. As you’re looking at a bonsai piece, imagine yourself being small and that you’re looking at a tree in its natural environment.


About the Author

- the man who love japan , culture, people ^_^

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